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Third Temple?

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Jesus is the True and Final Habitation of God, and Revelation says nothing about a rebuilt or third temple in Jerusalem in the thousand-year period .  In Revelation , nothing is said about a temple structure in the city of Jerusalem during the “ thousand years ” when Satan is “ bound ” or the restoration of the Levitical priesthood, feasts, or animal sacrifices. Based mainly on chapters 40-48 of the book of Ezekiel , some interpretations assume the Temple will be rebuilt during or shortly before the thousand years.

Firstborn of the Dead

Jesus is the Firstborn of the Dead, a reference to his resurrection and the basis for the future resurrection of the saints – Revelation 1:5.  The vision of the “ Son of Man ” is preceded by “ greetings ” from the “ One who is, who was, and who is coming ,” from the “ seven spirits before His Throne ,” and from Jesus, the “ faithful witness ” and the “ firstborn of the dead .” In his death, he gave faithful testimony, and God vindicated his sacrifice when He raise him from the dead.

The Faithful Witness

In the salutation to the seven churches, Jesus is called the Faithful Witness because of his self-sacrificial death – Revelation 1:5.  The vision of John begins with salutations to the churches of Asia from God, the “ seven spirits ,” and Jesus, the “ faithful witness .” The Son of God bore “ witness ” in his death, it is the pattern the “ churches ” are summoned to emulate as they give “ testimony ” in the midst of tribulation “ for the word of God .”

Greetings from the Throne

The salutations from the throne highlight key themes of the book, especially the victory and present reign of Jesus .  The next paragraph presents greetings to the “ seven churches ” from the “ throne ” - from God, Jesus, and the “ Seven Spirits of God .” It stresses Christ’s current over the earth. His sovereignty is based on his death and resurrection. The recipients of the book are identified as the “ seven churches ” from key cities of the province.

He Who Is

God is the One who is and who was and who is coming, the Almighty who sits on the throne at the center of Creation .  In Revelation , God is the “ Almighty ,” the “ One Who sits on the throne ,” the “ Alpha and Omega .” And He is the “ One Who is and Who was and Who is coming .” This last phrase is more than a declaration about His nature, and the appellation is modified at key points to mark the consummation of the present age.

Lamb or Beast

In Revelation, humanity is divided into two and only two groups – followers of the Lamb and the subjects of the Beast .  Every man and woman either “ tabernacles in heaven ” or is included among the “ inhabitants of the earth .” These descriptions are NOT geographical or spatial. Instead, they reflect the allegiance of either group .